Ever noticed rashes on your child’s face, legs, hands or body? This could be eczema; also referred to as atopic dermatittis. It is essentially a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition that results in itching, redness and rashes that are like scales. The itching can be painful and even cause blisters and changes in the colour of the skin. It is even worse on warm nights as it causes discomfort and interrupts sleep. The scratching may also predispose the skin to other infections. This article is about all you need to know about eczema in children.
Ages of Children Affected
Children below the age of 5 years are more predisposed to eczema although teenagers and adults can still suffer from eczema. Children born into families where there is a history of asthma or hay fever have an increased risk of getting eczema.
Causes of Eczema
Eczema is not caused by any type allergy but is rather associated with the development of food and environmental allergies.
Eczema develops because of a defective skin barrier and is often inherited. Infants whose parents have asthma or related allergies are at a higher risk of getting eczema.
How to Manage Eczema
An allergist can guide on how to deal with eczema. In cases of moderate to severe eczema, the a doctor can recommend prescription medication such as topical steroids and or antihistamine. Mild cases can be maintained using ointments and moisturizers.
Products with fragrances such as cosmetics, soaps and detergents cause eczema flare ups. Other triggers include harsh clothing, dry climates, cold air and stress.
Eczema in children is quite common. It should not be a cause for alarm. The important thing is to know when one is predisposed and learn how to manage it. One child’s eczema may be different from the next one due to the different skin allergies. All in all, no parent wants to see their child suffer from a skin rash and thus the need to take precautionary measures.